LIST OF STDs AND THEIR SYMPTOMS

HIV

HIV is the virus that causes AIDS and is transmitted by body fluids and blood. After some time, the virus can lead to AIDS and the symptoms are headache, aching muscles, high fever, red rash, night sweats, sore throat… It is the most common disease among the gay population so it is also known as “gay cancer”, “gay plague”, or GRID (gay-related immune deficiency.) Some of the biggest celebrities have died from AIDS, like the lead singer of Queen, a basketball star Magic Johnson, an American actor Rock Hudson, and many others…

TRICHOMONIASIS

It is one of the most common STD caused by a parasite called trichomonas vaginalis (TV). The symptoms can be hard to notice and some of them are irritation around your vagina or penis, bad-smelling vaginal discharge that can be white, gray, yellow or green, pain during sex, burning when you pee, and swelling around your genitals.

HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV AND GENITAL WARTS)

It is a very common viral infection that has no obvious symptoms and can resolve spontaneously, although some HPV types can cause warts; a skin infection of many types (common warts, flat warts, genital warts…) The most effective weapon against HPV is getting vaccinated or doing cervical cancer screening or the Papanicolaou test that can detect early cancer.

GONORRHEA

Known as the clap is a disease that can infect both women and men, causing genitals, rectum and throat infections. The symptoms may include sore throat, burning while urinating, fever, discharge from the vagina/penis, pain in sexual intercourse.

CHLAMYDIA

It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections, most common in sexually active teenagers. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which usually does not have any obvious symptoms, although you can experience pain while peeing, bleeding after sex, and discharge from the penis, vagina or bottom.

SYPHILIS

It is a highly bacterial infection caused by having sex with an infected person. The symptoms can resolve spontaneously and can be hard to notice, and some of them are ulcers on your genitals, anus, and mouth. If you suspect having syphilis, you can do a blood test. It can be cured with antibiotics.

HERPES

It is a sexually transmitted disease that is causing herpetic sores around the mouth or around the genitals. It can affect people between the ages of 14 to 50. There are two types of it – HSV-1(oral herpes) and HSV-2(genital herpes). Some of the symptoms are fever, headache, lack of appetite, tiredness, itching. Currently, there is no cure for this virus.